Discussion in 'Bible Study' started by 3nails+1cross=4GIVEN, May 26, 2008.
Can anyone enlighten me about the issue of a 2nd Adam?
I 'THINK' some are referring to Christ and I don't think it's Biblical.
Amandaz: Scripture gives us the full explaination:
In Hebrew, 'adam' (with a small 'a') simply means man, or humans in general. That is not the application of the word as used to describe the seed line of Christ.
Adam (with a capital 'A') means THE Man - with emphasis... ( Eth Ha Adam in Hebrew).
First, please read the seed line of Christ as specified in Luke 3:23-38 (KJV).
We can then go to 1 Corinthians 15:45 (KJV) to find the answer to your question...
1 Corinthians 15:45 (King James Version)
45 "And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit."
I hope this helps you to understand the first and last entries in the seed line of Christ and how the Hebrew word 'Adam' was applied to that seed line.
Someone came up with the idea of calling Jesus the Christ the "second Adam", although you won't find anywhere in the Bible where Jesus is called the 2nd Adam. To me "second" means "imitation or copy of the original", but that's my opinion. Or "second best"--as in "second place winner". Maybe I'm just being overly sensitive, but personally, I don't like the phrase in reference to my Lord.
I believe that the "2nd Adam" is an illustration of what we as believer will become after we recieve our glorified bodies. 1st Corinthians 15:45 could be speaking of Jesus. But when put in the context that 1st Corinthians 15:35-49, it compares and contrasts the natural body and the glorified body.
I second this opinion. And I don't think that it is oversensitivity. This is yet another over generalization made that lessens the might and singularity of our Lord. He is NOTHING second, and he certainly isn't an "Adam" - He is God.
From Albert Barnes Notes on the Bible:
And so it is written, - Gen_2:7. It is only the first part of the verse which is quoted.
The first man Adam was made a living soul - This is quoted exactly from the translation by the Septuagint, except that the apostle has added the words “first” and “Adam.” This is done to designate whom he meant. The meaning of the phrase “was made a living soul” (ἐγένετο εις ψυκὴν ζωσαν egeneto eis psuchēn zōsan - in Hebrew, נפשׁ חיה nephesh chayaah is, became a living, animated being; a being endowed with life. The use of the word “soul” in our translation, for ψυχὴ psuchē, and נפשׁ nephesh, does not quite convey the idea. We apply the word “soul,” usually, to the intelligent and the immortal part of man; that which reasons, thinks, remembers, is conscious, is responsible, etc. The Greek and Hebrew words, however, more properly denote that which is alive, which is animated, which breathes, which has an animal nature, see the note on 1Co_15:44. And this is precisely the idea which Paul uses here, that the first man was made an animated being by having breathed into him the breath of life Gen_2:7, and that it is the image of this animated or vital being which we bear, 1Co_15:48. Neither Moses nor Paul deny that in addition to this, man was endowed with a rational soul, an immortal nature; but that is not the idea which they present in the passage in Genesis which Paul quotes.
The last Adam - The second Adam, or the “second man,” 1Co_15:47. That Christ is here intended is apparent, and has been usually admitted by commentators. Christ here seems to be called Adam because he stands in contradistinction from the first Adam; or because, as we derive our animal and dying nature from the one, so we derive our immortal and undying bodies from the other. From the one we derive an animal or vital existence; from the other we derive our immortal existence, and resurrection from the grave. The one stands at the head of all those who have an existence represented by the words, “a living soul;” the other of all those who shall have a spiritual body in heaven. He is called “the last Adam;” meaning that there shall be no other after him who shall affect the destiny of man in the same way, or who shall stand at the head of the race in a manner similar to what had been done by him and the first father of the human family. They sustain special relations to the race; and in this respect they were “the first” and “the last” in the special economy. The name “Adam” is not elsewhere given to the Messiah, though a comparison is several times instituted between him and Adam. (See the Supplementary Note on 1Co_15:22; also Rom_5:12, note.)
A quickening spirit - (εἰς πνεῦμα ζωοποιοῦν eis pneuma zōopoioun. A vivifying spirit; a spirit giving or imparting life. Not a being having mere vital functions, or an animated nature, but a being who has the power of imparting life. This is not a quotation from any part of the Scriptures, but seems to be used by Paul either as affirming what was true on his own apostolic authority, or as conveying the substance of what was revealed respecting the Messiah in the Old Testament. There may be also reference to what the Saviour himself taught, that he was the source of life; that he had the power of imparting life, and that he gave life to all whom he pleased: see the note at Joh_1:4; note at Joh_5:26, “For as the Father hath life in himself, so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself.” 1Co_15:21, “for as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them, even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.”
The word “spirit,” here applied to Christ, is in contradistinction from “a living being,” as applied to Adam, and seems to be used in the sense of spirit of life, as raising the bodies of his people from the dead, and imparting life to them. He was constituted not as having life merely, but as endowed with the power of imparting life; as endowed with that spiritual or vital energy which was needful to impart life. All life is the creation or production of “spirit” (Πνεῦμα Pneuma); as applied to God the Father, or the Son, or the Holy Spirit. Spirit is the source of all vitality. God is a spirit, and God is the source of all life. And the idea here is, that Christ had such a spiritual existence such power as a spirit; that he was the source of all life to his people. The word “spirit” is applied to his exalted spiritual nature, in distinction from his human nature, in Rom_1:4; 1Ti_3:16; 1Pe_3:18. The apostle does not here affirm that he had not a human nature, or a vital existence as a man; but that his main characteristic in contradistinction from Adam was, that he was endowed with an elevated spiritual nature, which was capable of imparting vital existence to the dead.
Dang Bo. Where do I start and where do I end on reading your post!?
In light of what you have posted, and the contedt of the verses in question, could it conclude that the "2nd Adam" could be a form of dual meanings? After all, the context does compare the corruptible body (1st Adam) and that of the incorruptible (2nd Adam, or Jesus)? If so, it makes clear sense to me. If not, then I am clueless.
That all inherited corruption from the first Adam and all (in Christ) receive an impartation of new (spiritual now) life and a body free of corruption (later)are both implied. There are doubtless many other implications and ramifications to this.
That is how I have always understood the phrase and that pasage in 1 Cor 15.
Thanks for the helpful comment from the Albert Barnes notes.
Commenting on 1 Cor 15:45 Vincent's Word Study puts the following:
Christ. Put over against Adam because of the peculiar relation in which both stand to the race: Adam as the physical, Christ as the spiritual head. Adam the head of the race in its sin, Christ in its redemption.
Indeed! Thanks Ray!
Thank you all!~
The second Adam is Jesus Christ.
Someone said early on, that she did not think it was Biblical. But, indeed she was mistaken.
See 1 Cor. 15.
Jesus had to be the "second Adam", in order to be the perfect lamb" all over again for sacrifice this time for man to be saved.
Secondly- Jesus lived as the "first Adam" had after first created- perfect. And this was demonstrated to us as an example of how God could empower us now, by the Holy Spirit which also came to dwell upon Jesus after Baptism, and would all God's Children in this new covenant era after recieving Salvation.
Third- As noted earlier, Scriptures clearly speak of "Christ" as this- "quickening Spirit", as all God's Children would now at physical death- be "absent from the body and present with the Lord"- (Christ being the first fruits of the ressurrection and every man acording to his order after Him).
Adam was originally perfect at first, for the creature God had created him as. It wasn't till later that man fell from Grace with God and by one man, sin entered the world and death by sin.
Thus, Jesus was considered the "Second Adam", having to be a "perfect Lamb" for a sacrifice, just as people were told by God lambs had to be perfect- (without blemish) when offered for sacrifice to God in Old Test. times.